Investments in the management of household and industrial waste.

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Rural wastewater

In some areas, especially sparsely populated rural areas, installing a public sewerage network may involve excessive cost. In such cases, independent sewerage facilities such as sealed septic tanks are an acceptable alternative. Other on-site sanitation systems such as pit latrines may protect the health of the local community by improving community hygiene.

If, however, these sanitation systems are not properly designed or maintained, or they are not adapted to the local conditions then pathogens may be released and contaminate local bodies of water or the environment.

From (European Environment Agency & World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, 2002: 53)